Tips for Law Enforcement

Physical Position – A first responder’s position while communicating with a crime victim affects the perceived balance of power. The ideal position for a responder is wherever he or she can best be ob-served by the crime victim: ideally, at the eye-level of the conversation partner, with appropriate lighting (see details regarding lighting below). This is especially important for children, whose communication needs demand a clear view of facial expressions.

Lightning- When a first responder is called to a home, it is important to ensure that proper lighting is present during the course of an investigation. This includes:

-          Adequate lighting for those with vision disabilities.

-          Reduced light directly behind both responder and victim


U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Justice Programs: Office for Victims of Crime (2009). Victims with disabilities:      Collaborative, multidisciplinary first response: Techniques for first responders called to help crime victims who have   disabilities-trainer’s guide. Washington,:DC. )