Description of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury refers to an acquired injury to the brain results from external physical force causing functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment, which adversely affect educational performance. The injury can be an open or closed head injury sustained after birth and does not include injuries that are congenital, related to birth, or degenerative in nature. Traumatic brain injuries often cause difficulties in more than one domain. The IDEA definition includes the following types of impairments: cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem‐solving; sensory, perceptual and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.

Shelton, K., Bridenbaugh, H., Farrenkopf, M., & Kroeger, K. (2010). Project Ability: Demystifying disability in child abuse interviewing. Oregon:   CARES Northwest. Retrieved from: