Considerations When Interviewing Children with Deafness/HOH


 

Recommendation

Benefit

Caveat

Disability types

Position yourself

directly across

from the child

Eases direct view

of the interviewer,

enhances ability

to lip read, and

read body language

Lip reading is

only 30% effective,

requires

many skills

All children

Position yourself at

child’s level

 

Sets up equality

in the relationship

 

May be awkward

seating for interviewer

 

All children

Leave adequate

space between you

and the child

 

Offers sense of safety in your

presence

 

Ask parent about

personal space

preferences

 

Autism; ADD/

ADHD, Deaf,

hard of hearing;

Vision impaired

Allow the child

to establish eye

contact with you.

Do not force eye

contact

 

Child feels more

at ease when eye

contact is not

demanded

 

Eye contact is not

pleasant or possible

with some

children

 

Children from

some cultures

unlike ours;

Children with

disabilities with

sensory issues,

such as autism,

Deaf and hard of

hearing

Voice tones. Loud

voice may be necessary

 

May help child

who is hard of

hearing

 

Could distort

words for those

who are lip reading;

too loud for

those using hearing

aids

 

Deaf, hard of

hearing

Use natural or lamp

lighting

 

Reduces or

eliminates distress

from lighting

 

Lighting can be

distressing or

painful, fluorescent

lights in

particular; Inadequate

lighting

difficult for those

with vision and

hearing disabilities

 

Autism; those

with vision

problems and

light sensitivities,

Deaf and

hard of hearing

Sit away from a

window or light

source

 

Child can see you

well

 

Light may cause

child to be unable

to see you well

 

Deaf and hard of

hearing children;

children who are

blind or have vision

disabilities;

children with

autism

 

Baladerian, N.J., Heisler, C., & Hertica, M. (n.d.) Child abuse victims with disabilities: A curriculum for law enforcement first responders and child protective services frontline workers-participant manual. California: Child abuse and neglect disability outreach program of arc riverside. Retrieved from       http://www.disabilityandabuse.org/resources/Participant.pdf