Parenting- Why do we provide parenting skills?



Goals
 To normalize responses to trauma
 To teach parents strategies for addressing problematic behaviors, including praise, selective attention, time outs and contingency reinforcement strategies



Challenges
Parents /Caregivers of children with developmental disabilities have:
 Increased stress and feelings of overwhelm due to
    o increased supervisory demands
    o lack of education and preparation to deal with disability
    o lack of appropriate educational and treatment services for their children
    o lack of response from child to traditional means of discipline and reinforcement



Skills
 Provide structure/ create routine
   o Help family and caregivers create schedules/ routines in the home and school, e.g. set    times for meals, homework, bed
 Provide repetition and reinforcement
   o Repeat skills and concepts in session
   o Assign homework to practice skills taught in session
   o Use consistent praise and rewards as reinforcement of positive behavior
 Create supportive family groups




Grosso, C. (2012) Children with developmental disabilities. In J.A. Cohen, A.P. Mannarino, E. Deblinger (Eds.), Trauma focused cbt for children and adolescents (pp. 149-174). NY: Guildford.